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Thursday, June 6

  1. page Narrative Paradigm (Fisher) edited Group Members: Sylvia Buchana, Jennifer Levine, Chera Marshall, Neil Supriyo The Narrative Paradig…
    Group Members: Sylvia Buchana, Jennifer Levine, Chera Marshall, Neil Supriyo
    The Narrative Paradigm
    ...
    Fisher's Narrative Paradigm:http://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/Narrative-Paradigm-Fisher-Paradigm:
    http://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/ABF652A9-5AF0-4DA2-B1E5-807A4E5DFE67

    Narrative Paradigm Theory Overview
    Narrative Paradigm suggests that humans are storytellers and that we experience and understand the world as a series of narratives or stories.
    ...
    Theory Specifics
    The Rational World Paradigm
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    states; [2]:
    Humans ae essentially rational beings;
    the paradigmatic mode of human decision-making and communication is argument - clear-cut inferential (implicative) structures;
    (view changes)
    8:03 am
  2. page Genderlect Styles (Tannen) edited ... Dr. Deborah Tannen American academic and professor at Georgetown University in Washington DC …
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    Dr. Deborah Tannen
    American academic and professor at Georgetown University in Washington DC
    ...
    English Literature)
    Earned

    Earned
    masters in
    ...
    PhD in
    Linguistics from the University of California
    Lectured world-wide in her field
    Written and edited numerous publications on linguistics, discourse analysis and interpersonal communications
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    public awareness.
    Our class presentation on Genderlect Styles can be viewed at:
    http://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/Genderlect-Styleshttp://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/5227DFB1-BF8C-4B55-A8A0-4A1865261558
    You tube video to help define Tannen's meaning of Genderlect:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGoC8FTLKSI
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    CONFLICT
    Women:
    -threat-threat to connection,
    Men:
    -life is a contest therefore more comfortable with conflict, usually initiate it
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    -seek human connection
    Men:
    -strive-strive for one
    -Tannen does not believe that men and women seek only status and connection, respectively, but these are their primary goals
    Theory Critiques
    (view changes)
    7:54 am
  3. page Face Negotiation Theory ( Ting Toomey) edited Group Members: Jennifer Levine, Maryellen Elliott, Chera Marshall, Sultan Rana, Lauren Wood FA…
    Group Members:
    Jennifer Levine, Maryellen Elliott, Chera Marshall, Sultan Rana, Lauren Wood
    FACE NEGOTIATION THEORY
    {toomey.jpg} Stella Ting Toomey
    Our Presentation on Face Negotiation Theory can be found at:
    http://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/Face-Negotation-Theoryhttp://portal.sliderocket.com/AHZXK/A1B6E24D-A5AD-49AC-8C4B-815688EDB3C2
    Key Terms:
    Face, Facework, Face-restoration, Face-saving, Face-giving,Face-assertion, Languaculture,
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    Cultural Aspect:
    Face is a universal phenomenon. Everyone wants to be respected and needs a sense of self respect. How we manage strategies in maintaining, saving and honouring ones face differs across cultures.
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    communication process
    LOW
    LOW communication framework
    Immigrant cultures such as Canada, US and Australia tend to exhibit LOW context communication styles.
    HIGH communication framework centers on group orientations and focuses on non verbal communication. Collective needs and goals context cultures have a longer history of their culture.Long standing historical cultures such as Japan, South Korea, China tend to exhibit HIGH context communication styles.
    (view changes)
    7:45 am

Tuesday, May 7

  1. page home edited ... Elita ------------------------------------ Hi Hi there from Maggie Hi Maggie I was o…
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    Elita
    ------------------------------------
    HiHi there from
    Maggie
    Hi Maggie
    I was one of the 5102 students and certainly have no problem with you using this for your class; however not sure when you wrote that request as I don't visit this page very often.
    sylvia

    (view changes)
    11:43 am

Thursday, June 7

  1. 4:25 pm
  2. 4:25 pm

Friday, February 18

  1. page home edited ... ------------------------------------ Hi there from the UK - if any of my UOIT students are s…
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    Hi there from the UK - if any of my UOIT students are still following this wiki, I would like to ask if you could find out from the other 5102 students if I can show this to my students from the University of Leeds. I think it is a great example of collaborative work and I think they would find this really interesting.
    Maggie
    (view changes)
    9:40 am
  2. page home edited ... Because I created this wiki and have restricted editiorial access to people in our class, you …
    ...
    Because I created this wiki and have restricted editiorial access to people in our class, you will need to request to join this wiki in order to be able to add and create pages. Your request is forwarded to an email which I check multiple times during the day, so it takes usually just a few hours for me to approve your request to join. Once you're in, you can make changes whener you want!
    Elita
    Getting Started
    Click on
    ------------------------------------
    Hi there from
    the edit button above to put your own content onUK - if any of my UOIT students are still following this page.
    To invite new members, click on Manage Wiki and Invite People.
    To change your wiki's colors or theme, click on Manage Wiki and Look and Feel.
    To set who can view and edit your
    wiki, click on Manage Wiki and Permissions.
    Need Help?
    Click on
    I would like to ask if you could find out from the help link aboveother 5102 students if I can show this to learn more about how to use your wiki.
    my students from the University of Leeds. I think it is a great example of collaborative work and I think they would find this really interesting.
    (view changes)
    9:40 am

Friday, December 3

  1. page Cognitive Dissonance (Festinger) edited ... · Students at an Irish university were queried about their feelings about the US led invasion …
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    · Students at an Irish university were queried about their feelings about the US led invasion of Iraq. They were given additional information about the reasons for the invasion that they had not previously possessed. They were asked to complete a series of questions posed using PowerPoint slides. Some of the students rather than changing their views, the dissonance created was so great that they dis-engaged from the process and did not complete the task they were asked to. (Buckmaster, 2009)
    · The authors also cite the dissonance and the coping mechanisms used by members of the Republican Party in the wake of the Watergate burglaries in 1972 a purposeful misremembering so that they could continue to support the party at large despite the criminal acts perpetrated by some of it members..
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    Cognitive Dissonance [Draft]
    The Basic Premises
    While Akerlof and Dickens thought to represent theory of cognitive dissonance in economists' terms, it had three propositions: First, persons not only have preferences over states of the world, but also over their beliefs about the state of the world. Second, persons have some control over their beliefs; not only are people able to exercise some choice about belief given avail-able information, they can also manipulate their own beliefs by selecting sources of in-formation likely to confirm "desired" beliefs. Third, it is of practical importance for the application of our theory that beliefs once chosen persist over time.
    The Fundamental Model
    They have developed a very complicated mathematical model using two sample group: One: Benzene workers, some of whom denied that they were working with dangerous chemical substances, another one is the worker who work in a nuclear plant
    Potential Applications
    Sources of Innovation
    First, in the history of science, Thomas Kuhn (1963) has claimed that the persons who first adopt a new scientific paradigm are predominantly new entrants into the field. In the field of industrial organization, it is believed that industrial laboratories are responsible for much minor innovation, but the major innovations mainly come from outside (Edwin Mansfield, 1968, p. 92). John Jewkes et al. (1959) found that prior to World War II only twelve out of the sixty-one major inventions in their study came from industrial laborato-ries. Over half came from private individuals. Daniel Hamberg (1963) reports
    Advertising
    Why do companies spend millions of dollars on advertising campaigns and why are people more likely to buy an advertised brand than one which does not advertise, all other things held equal? This is undoubtedly a complicated question with answers dependent on the particular products and situations. But, the text-books on advertising emphasize one factor: advertisements convey information about the product. The term "information," as used here, does not only refer to facts about the physical attributes of the advertised product. Advertising may also convey information about the social significance of consuming the product and how it may serve the psychological needs of consumers as well as their physical needs. If the information provided by ads generally allowed people to distinguish the functional or psychological value of a product, then it would be easy to understand how it worked to help determine peoples' choices.
    Social Security
    Another application of this type of model of potential economic importance concerns old age insurance. Social Security legislation is based on the belief that persons left to their own devices tend to purchase too little old age insurance. If there are some persons who would simply prefer not to contemplate a time when their earning power is diminished, and if the very fact of saving for old age forces persons into such contemplations, there is an argument for compulsory old age insurance. The case, as we see it, is analogous to the case for safety legislation made in the last section. In that model workers found it uncomfortable to contemplate the dangers involved in working in the hazardous industry. For that reason they sometimes failed to have the appropriate marginal rate of substitution be-tween safety and wages. In a similar mode persons may find it uncomfortable to con-template their old age. For that reason they may make the wrong trade-off, given their own preferences, between current consumption and savings for retirement.
    Economic Theory of Crime
    If you increase the cost of committing a crime, there will be fewer crimes. Psychological experiments motivated by cognitive dissonance theory strongly suggest that Tullock's conclusions are only partially correct. While it may be true that less obedience will be observed when there is greater deterrence, these experiments show that once the threat of punishment is removed, people who have been threatened with relatively severe punishment are more likely to disobey than those threatened with relatively mild punishment. In an experiment that has been performed under a variety of conditions, children are told not to play with a very desirable toy. One group is threatened with severe punishment; and another with mild punishment for disobedience. The children are then allowed to play in the room with the toy for some time. Later (in one experiment several weeks later, see Jonathan Freedman, 1965), the children are again put in the room with the toy, only this time without the threat of punishment. Those who have been threatened with the more severe punishment are more likely to play with the forbidden toy than those threatened with mild punishment. It has similarly been shown that children who are punished severely for aggressive behavior at home are more violent in school than those who are mildly punished (see Robert Sears et al., 1953). The interpretation of these studies is that those who obey rules for which the penalty of violation is relatively small need to create an internal justification for their actions
    Conflict resolution

    Critique of theory
    Daryl J. Bern - Self-perception theory
    (view changes)
    12:16 pm

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